Adobe style house plans are based on the large, multi-family houses built by the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Arizona and adapted by the Spanish colonists in the 17th and 18th centuries. Also called Pueblo house plans and Santa Fe house plans for their prevalence in that city, Adobe houses are built from adobe clay brick or stone and covered with stucco in a rustic fashion, as if it had been applied by hand. Like their Pueblo predecessors, Adobe houses feature rounded corners and stepped levels. The flat roofs are supported by massive timber beams, whose ends poke through the upper reaches of the exterior walls to become the Adobe home’s distinctive feature, the rows of “vigas” and carved timber waterspouts that allow the desert’s seasonal rains to drain from the roof.
Inside, Adobe floor plans are usually arranged around a central courtyard or gallery, which gives them a connection to the outdoors while protecting the interiors from direct sunlight. Exterior windows are small and few, while brick or stone floors reinforce the cozy cave-like ambiance. Adobe houses often feature beehive fireplaces or “kivas”, built in "bancos" or benches, and wall niches to display religious icons. A natural choice for those who appreciate indigenous southwestern style, the Adobe home is a snug, environmentally sensitive choice.